The aim of this paper was to develop a process for the production of DAG from butterfat through glycerolysis and short-path distillation and to evaluate the physical properties of the DAG in comparison with the original butterfat. Chemical glycerolysis produced a mixture of acylglycerols containing DAG together with MAG and TAG. From the mixture of glycerolysis products, MAG were removed through three consecutive distillations (vacuum <0.001 mbar) at 150degreesC. TAG were separated from DAG by distillation at 210degreesC, which gave a product with more than 80% DAG in the distillates. Distillation temperatures had significant effects on acyl migration. The formation of desirable 1,3-DAG was favored at higher temperatures. Under 210degreesC distillation, the equilibrium ratio of 6:4 was obtained between 1,3-DAG and 1,2(2,3)-DAG. The FA profile of the DAG product was relatively similar to the original butterfat. The total DAG recovery was around 77% in the pilot-scale production. The different patterns of m.p. were observed between butterfat and the DAG fraction produced as well as the MAG fraction collected. Solid fat content profiles of the DAG fraction and its mixtures with rapeseed oil possessed trends similar to those of the corresponding butterfat and its mixtures with rapeseed oil. Compared with butterfat, the DAG fraction behaved differently in its thermal profiles, crystallization patterns, and rheological properties; for example, the dropping point was 13degreesC higher for the latter than for the former, and the crystal pattern was mostly beta form for the latter, whereas the former was the beta' form.
|Journal||Journal of the american oil chemists society|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|