Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry

Alexander Kokka*, Tuomas Poikonen, Peter Blattner, Sophie Jost, Alejandro Ferrero, Tomi Pulli, Mathias Ngo, Anders Thorseth, Thorsten Gerloff, Paul Dekker, Florian Stuker, Adam Klej, Klaus Ludwig, Markus Schneider, Thomas Reiners, Erkki Ikonen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

General lighting is undergoing a revolutionary change towards LED-based technologies. To provide firm scientific basis for the related colorimetric and photometric measurements, this paper presents the development of new white-LED-based illuminants for colorimetry, and their evaluation to recommend a new reference spectrum for calibration of photometers. Spectra of 1516 LED products were measured and used to calculate eight representative spectral power distributions for LED sources of different correlated colour temperature categories. The suitability of the calculated representative spectra for photometer calibration was studied by comparing average spectral mismatch errors with CIE Standard Illuminant A, which has been used for decades as the reference spectrum for incandescent standard lamps in calibration of photometers. It was found that in general, when compared with Standard Illuminant A, all the potential LED calibration spectra reduced spectral mismatch errors when measuring LED products. Out of the potential LED calibration spectra tested, the white LED spectrum with correlated colour temperature of 4103 K was found to be the most suitable candidate to complement Standard Illuminant A in luminous responsivity calibrations of photometers. When compared with Standard Illuminant A, employing the 4103 K reference spectrum reduced the spectral mismatch errors, on average, by approximately a factor of two in measurements of LED products and lighting. Furthermore, the new LED reference spectrum was found to reduce the spectral mismatch errors in measurements of daylight, and many types of fluorescent and discharge lamps, indicating that the proposed reference spectrum is a viable alternative to Standard Illuminant A for calibration of photometers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetrologia
Volume55
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)526-534
ISSN0026-1394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • LED
  • Colorimetry
  • Photometry
  • Illuminants
  • Reference spectrum
  • Photometer calibration
  • Standard Illuminant A

Cite this

Kokka, A., Poikonen, T., Blattner, P., Jost, S., Ferrero, A., Pulli, T., ... Ikonen, E. (2018). Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry. Metrologia, 55(4), 526-534. https://doi.org/10.1088/1681-7575/aacae7
Kokka, Alexander ; Poikonen, Tuomas ; Blattner, Peter ; Jost, Sophie ; Ferrero, Alejandro ; Pulli, Tomi ; Ngo, Mathias ; Thorseth, Anders ; Gerloff, Thorsten ; Dekker, Paul ; Stuker, Florian ; Klej, Adam ; Ludwig, Klaus ; Schneider, Markus ; Reiners, Thomas ; Ikonen, Erkki. / Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry. In: Metrologia. 2018 ; Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 526-534.
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abstract = "General lighting is undergoing a revolutionary change towards LED-based technologies. To provide firm scientific basis for the related colorimetric and photometric measurements, this paper presents the development of new white-LED-based illuminants for colorimetry, and their evaluation to recommend a new reference spectrum for calibration of photometers. Spectra of 1516 LED products were measured and used to calculate eight representative spectral power distributions for LED sources of different correlated colour temperature categories. The suitability of the calculated representative spectra for photometer calibration was studied by comparing average spectral mismatch errors with CIE Standard Illuminant A, which has been used for decades as the reference spectrum for incandescent standard lamps in calibration of photometers. It was found that in general, when compared with Standard Illuminant A, all the potential LED calibration spectra reduced spectral mismatch errors when measuring LED products. Out of the potential LED calibration spectra tested, the white LED spectrum with correlated colour temperature of 4103 K was found to be the most suitable candidate to complement Standard Illuminant A in luminous responsivity calibrations of photometers. When compared with Standard Illuminant A, employing the 4103 K reference spectrum reduced the spectral mismatch errors, on average, by approximately a factor of two in measurements of LED products and lighting. Furthermore, the new LED reference spectrum was found to reduce the spectral mismatch errors in measurements of daylight, and many types of fluorescent and discharge lamps, indicating that the proposed reference spectrum is a viable alternative to Standard Illuminant A for calibration of photometers.",
keywords = "LED, Colorimetry, Photometry, Illuminants, Reference spectrum, Photometer calibration, Standard Illuminant A",
author = "Alexander Kokka and Tuomas Poikonen and Peter Blattner and Sophie Jost and Alejandro Ferrero and Tomi Pulli and Mathias Ngo and Anders Thorseth and Thorsten Gerloff and Paul Dekker and Florian Stuker and Adam Klej and Klaus Ludwig and Markus Schneider and Thomas Reiners and Erkki Ikonen",
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Kokka, A, Poikonen, T, Blattner, P, Jost, S, Ferrero, A, Pulli, T, Ngo, M, Thorseth, A, Gerloff, T, Dekker, P, Stuker, F, Klej, A, Ludwig, K, Schneider, M, Reiners, T & Ikonen, E 2018, 'Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry', Metrologia, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 526-534. https://doi.org/10.1088/1681-7575/aacae7

Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry. / Kokka, Alexander; Poikonen, Tuomas; Blattner, Peter; Jost, Sophie; Ferrero, Alejandro; Pulli, Tomi; Ngo, Mathias; Thorseth, Anders; Gerloff, Thorsten; Dekker, Paul; Stuker, Florian; Klej, Adam; Ludwig, Klaus; Schneider, Markus; Reiners, Thomas; Ikonen, Erkki.

In: Metrologia, Vol. 55, No. 4, 2018, p. 526-534.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of white LED illuminants for colorimetry and recommendation of white LED reference spectrum for photometry

AU - Kokka, Alexander

AU - Poikonen, Tuomas

AU - Blattner, Peter

AU - Jost, Sophie

AU - Ferrero, Alejandro

AU - Pulli, Tomi

AU - Ngo, Mathias

AU - Thorseth, Anders

AU - Gerloff, Thorsten

AU - Dekker, Paul

AU - Stuker, Florian

AU - Klej, Adam

AU - Ludwig, Klaus

AU - Schneider, Markus

AU - Reiners, Thomas

AU - Ikonen, Erkki

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - General lighting is undergoing a revolutionary change towards LED-based technologies. To provide firm scientific basis for the related colorimetric and photometric measurements, this paper presents the development of new white-LED-based illuminants for colorimetry, and their evaluation to recommend a new reference spectrum for calibration of photometers. Spectra of 1516 LED products were measured and used to calculate eight representative spectral power distributions for LED sources of different correlated colour temperature categories. The suitability of the calculated representative spectra for photometer calibration was studied by comparing average spectral mismatch errors with CIE Standard Illuminant A, which has been used for decades as the reference spectrum for incandescent standard lamps in calibration of photometers. It was found that in general, when compared with Standard Illuminant A, all the potential LED calibration spectra reduced spectral mismatch errors when measuring LED products. Out of the potential LED calibration spectra tested, the white LED spectrum with correlated colour temperature of 4103 K was found to be the most suitable candidate to complement Standard Illuminant A in luminous responsivity calibrations of photometers. When compared with Standard Illuminant A, employing the 4103 K reference spectrum reduced the spectral mismatch errors, on average, by approximately a factor of two in measurements of LED products and lighting. Furthermore, the new LED reference spectrum was found to reduce the spectral mismatch errors in measurements of daylight, and many types of fluorescent and discharge lamps, indicating that the proposed reference spectrum is a viable alternative to Standard Illuminant A for calibration of photometers.

AB - General lighting is undergoing a revolutionary change towards LED-based technologies. To provide firm scientific basis for the related colorimetric and photometric measurements, this paper presents the development of new white-LED-based illuminants for colorimetry, and their evaluation to recommend a new reference spectrum for calibration of photometers. Spectra of 1516 LED products were measured and used to calculate eight representative spectral power distributions for LED sources of different correlated colour temperature categories. The suitability of the calculated representative spectra for photometer calibration was studied by comparing average spectral mismatch errors with CIE Standard Illuminant A, which has been used for decades as the reference spectrum for incandescent standard lamps in calibration of photometers. It was found that in general, when compared with Standard Illuminant A, all the potential LED calibration spectra reduced spectral mismatch errors when measuring LED products. Out of the potential LED calibration spectra tested, the white LED spectrum with correlated colour temperature of 4103 K was found to be the most suitable candidate to complement Standard Illuminant A in luminous responsivity calibrations of photometers. When compared with Standard Illuminant A, employing the 4103 K reference spectrum reduced the spectral mismatch errors, on average, by approximately a factor of two in measurements of LED products and lighting. Furthermore, the new LED reference spectrum was found to reduce the spectral mismatch errors in measurements of daylight, and many types of fluorescent and discharge lamps, indicating that the proposed reference spectrum is a viable alternative to Standard Illuminant A for calibration of photometers.

KW - LED

KW - Colorimetry

KW - Photometry

KW - Illuminants

KW - Reference spectrum

KW - Photometer calibration

KW - Standard Illuminant A

U2 - 10.1088/1681-7575/aacae7

DO - 10.1088/1681-7575/aacae7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 55

SP - 526

EP - 534

JO - Metrologia

JF - Metrologia

SN - 0026-1394

IS - 4

ER -