Development of the 174 GHz collective Thomson scattering diagnostics at Wendelstein 7-X

S. Ponomarenko*, D. Moseev, T. Stange, L. Krier, P. Stordiau, H. Braune, G Gantenbein, J. Jelonnek, A. Kuleshov, H. P. Laqua, C. Lechte, S. Marsen, S. K. Nielsen, J. W. Oosterbeek, B. Plaum, R. Ragona, J. Rasmussen, T. Ruess, M Salewski, M. ThummJ. Zimmermann, W7-X Team

*Corresponding author for this work

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In this paper, we present the design and commissioning results of the upgraded collective Thomson scattering diagnostic at the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. The diagnostic has a new radiometer designed to operate between the second and third harmonics of the electron cyclotron emission from the plasma at 171-177 GHz, where the emission background has a minimum and is of order 10-100 eV. It allows us to receive the scattered electromagnetic field with a significantly improved signal-to-noise ratio and extends the set of possible scattering geometries compared to the case of the original instrument operated at 140 GHz. The elements of the diagnostic are a narrowband notch filter and a frequency stabilized probing gyrotron that will allow measuring scattered radiation spectra very close to the probing frequency. Here, we characterize the microwave components applied to the radiometer and demonstrate the performance of the complete system that was achieved during the latest experimental campaign, OP2.1.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013501
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number1
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2024


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