Development of Super-resolution Sharpness-based Axial Localization for Ultrasound Imaging

Konstantinos Diamantis, Tom Anderson, Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Paul A. Dalgarno, Vassilis Sboros*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Super-resolution ultrasound mostly uses imagebased methods for the localization of single scatterers. These methods are largely based on the centre of mass (COM) calculation. Sharpness-based localization is an alternative to COM for scatterer localization in the axial direction. Simulated ultrasound point scatterer data (centre frequency f0 = 7 MHz, wavelength λ = 220 μm) showed that the normalized sharpness method can provide scatterer axial localization with an accuracy down to 2 μm (< 0.01λ), which is a two-order of magnitude improvement compared to that achievable by conventional imaging (≈λ), and a 5-fold improvement compared to the COM estimate (≈10 μm or 0.05λ). Similar results were obtained experimentally using wire-target data acquired by the Synthetic Aperture Real-time Ultrasound System (SARUS). The performance of the proposed method was also found to be consistent across different types of ultrasound transmission. The localization precision deteriorates in the presence of noise, but even in very low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR = 0 dB) the uncertainty was not higher than 6 μm, which outperforms the COM estimate. The method can be implemented in image data as well as using the raw signals. It is proposed that signal derived localization should replace the image-based equivalent, as it provides at least a 10 times improved accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Volume7
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)6297-6309
ISSN2169-3536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Axial localization
  • Centre of mass
  • Multiple focusing
  • Normalized sharpness
  • Super-resolution ultrasound

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