A new analytical formulation of the tip-loss factor is established based on helical vortex lament solutions. The derived tip-loss factor can be applied to wind-turbines, propellers or other rotary wings. Similar numerical formulations are used to assess the influence of wake expansion on tip-losses. Theodorsen's theory is successfully applied for the first time to assess the wake expansion behind a wind turbine. The tip-loss corrections obtained are compared with the ones from Prandtl and Glauert and implemented within a new Blade Element Momentum(BEM) code. Wake expansion is seen to reduce tip-losses and have a greater influence than wake distortion.
|Book series||Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||The science of Making Torque from Wind 2012: 4th scientific conference - Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany|
Duration: 9 Oct 2012 → 11 Oct 2012
|Conference||The science of Making Torque from Wind 2012|
|Period||09/10/2012 → 11/10/2012|