Development of BeO: Na,Yb,Dy ceramics for optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry

V. Altunal*, M. Jain, S. Hayat, V. Guckan, Z. Yegingil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper presents the structural and luminescence characterization of undoped and trivalent lanthanide-doped BeO ceramics synthesized via the co-precipitation synthesis technique. Phase confirmation of the products was achieved by the x-ray diffraction (XRD) method, while the surface and elemental morphology were carried out with scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive spectrum (EDS) analyses. Radioluminescence (RL), Thermoluminescence (TL) and Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) methods were utilized for the luminescence characterization. Moreover, the relationship between TL and OSL signals was investigated in-depth with three different experiments (TL after OSL, step annealing and thermally-transferred OSL (TT-OSL). The radiation sensitivity of BeO:Na5%,Yb0.2%,Dy0.01% ceramics was found to be high as a peak OSL signal of 1.3 × 104 counts/mg for 0.2 Gy beta dose. A wide green emission band between 475 and 625 nm was detected for the first time in the RL emission spectra of doped/undoped BeO ceramics. It has been found that the RL and TL emissions of BeO ceramics have partially similar luminescence mechanisms and the TL traps responsible for the ∼315 °C TL peak are the main source of OSL signals. The Tm-Tstop method, Eac-Tstop graph and deconvolution of TL glow curve have been conjunctionally used to estimate kinetic parameters of TL traps in BeO:Na5%,Yb0.2%,Dy0.01% pellets. The results demonstrate that the TL glow curve has at least five TL peaks at 172 ± 2, 223 ± 2, 316 ± 2, 356 ± 2 and 465 ± 2 °C with estimated activation energies 1.13, 1.16, 1.39, 1.41, and 1.99 eV, respectively. The dosimetric characteristics of BeO:Na5%,Yb0.2%,Dy0.01% pellets have been also performed by reusability, dose-response, and fading experiments, and the results show that the material is promising and encouraging for use in dosimetric applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106852
JournalRadiation Measurements
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Beryllium oxide (BeO)
  • Co-precipitation synthesis
  • Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimetry
  • Radioluminescence (RL) emission
  • Rare-earth doping
  • Thermoluminescence (TL) emission


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