Development of an efficient numerical method for wind turbine flow, sound generation, and propagation under multi-wake conditions

Zhenye Sun, Wei Jun Zhu*, Wen Zhong Shen, Emre Barlas, Jens Nørkær Sørensen, Jiufa Cao, Hua Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The propagation of aerodynamic noise from multi-wind turbines is studied. An efficient hybrid method is developed to jointly predict the aerodynamic and aeroacoustics performances of wind turbines, such as blade loading, rotor power, rotor aerodynamic noise sources, and propagation of noise. This numerical method combined the simulations of wind turbine flow, noise source and its propagation which is solved for long propagation path and under complex flow environment. The results from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations not only provide wind turbine power and thrust information, but also provide detailed wake flow. The wake flow is computed with a 2D actuator disc (AD) method that is based on the axisymmetric flow assumption. The relative inflow velocity and angle of attack (AOA) of each blade element form input data to the noise source model. The noise source is also the initial condition for the wave equation that solves long distance noise propagation in frequency domain. Simulations were conducted under different atmospheric conditions which showed that wake flow is an important part that has to be included in wind turbine noise propagation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number1
Number of pages22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Wind turbine noise propagation
  • Wind turbine noise source
  • Wind turbine wake

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