Development of a novel rotary magnetic refrigerator

Jaime A. Lozano, Matheus S. Capovilla, Paulo V. Trevizoli, Kurt Engelbrecht, Christian Bahl, Jader R. Barbosa

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A novel rotary magnetic refrigerator was designed and built at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). The optimized magnetic circuit is a two-pole system in a rotor-stator configuration with high flux density regions of approximately 1 T. Eight pairs of stationary regenerator beds filled with approximately 1.7 kg of gadolinium spheres (425-600 μm diameter) were placed in the magnetic gap. Two low-friction rotary valves were developed to synchronize the hydraulic and magnetic cycles. The valves were positioned at the hot end to avoid heat generation in the cold end. In this work, experimental results are presented as a function of the operating frequency, fluid flow rate, hot reservoir temperature and thermal load. The performance of the device was evaluated in terms of the coefficient of performance (COP) and overall second-law efficiency (η2nd). The maximum no-load temperature span was 12 K at 1.5 Hz and 150 L h-1, and the maximum zero-span cooling power was 150 W at 0.8 Hz and 200 L h-1. For a thermal load of 80.4 W, at 0.8 Hz and 200 L h-1, the device generated a temperature span of 7.1 K, with a COP of 0.54 and η2nd of 1.16%.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume68
Pages (from-to)187-197
Number of pages11
ISSN0140-7007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Coefficient of performance
  • Gadolinium
  • Magnetic refrigeration
  • Magnetocaloric effect
  • Permanent magnet
  • Regenerator

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