Development and evaluation of novel one-step TaqMan realtime RT-PCR assays for the detection and direct genotyping of genogroup I and II noroviruses

Anna Charlotte Schultz, Everado Vega, Anders Dalsgaard, Laurids Siig Christensen, Birgit Nørrung, Jeffrey Hoorfar, Jan Vinjé

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BackgroundCurrent detection and genotyping methods of genogroup (G) I and II noroviruses (NoVs) consist of a 2-step approach including detection of viral RNA by TaqMan realtime RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) followed by conventional RT-PCR and sequencing of partial regions of ORF1 or ORF2. ObjectiveTo develop novel long-template one-step TaqMan assays (L-RT-qPCR) for the rapid detection and direct genotyping of GI and GII NoVs and to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the assays. Study designGI and GII-specific broadly reactive L-RT-qPCR assays were developed by combining existing NoV primers and probes targeting the open reading frame (ORF)1–ORF2 junction as well as region C at the 5′–ORF2. The assays were validated using GI and GII RNA transcripts and a coded panel of 75 stool samples containing NoV strains representing 9 GI genotypes and 12 GII genotypes, as well as sapoviruses, astroviruses, polioviruses, and rotaviruses. L-RT-qPCR products were typed by sequencing. ResultsThe novel GI and GII L-RT-qPCR assays detected and typed all but one of the NoV positive panel samples. As few as 5–500 RNA copies could be accurately typed by sequencing of amplicons. ConclusionsWe developed novel one-step TaqMan RT-qPCR assays for the sensitive detection and direct genotyping of GI and GII NoVs from clinical and environmental matrices
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume50
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)230-234
ISSN1386-6532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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