Developing communities of practice in health care

Rasmus Jørgensen, Kasper Edwards

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Purpose
    Standard operating procedures (SOPs) are a part of healthcare operations but relying on explicit knowledge is not necessarily sufficient to continuously adapt and improve processes. The theory of communities of practice (CoP) proposes an approach to knowledge sharing that could supplement the use of SOPs. A CoP is a social community formed around a practice (e.g. ICU nursing) which induce a propensity to share experiences and thereby constitute knowledge sharing (Lave & Wenger 1991; Brown & Duguid 1991).

    CoP was conceived as a descriptive construct but has gained popularity and is found to improve practice performance, but knowledge about developing and measuring CoP is lacking (Ison et al. 2014).

    We propose a method to develop a CoP and the method is tested in a blood analysis unit at ‘Nordsjællands Hospital’ in Denmark.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The interventions were identified from current CoP research. Interventions were initiated just after baseline measurement. 
    The following interventions took place: The practice was operationalized narrowly as employees performing a specific operational task. The practice was chosen due to a high frequency and recurring problems. A voluntary CoP coordinator was identified. She then invited her colleagues to participate in the CoP and arranged CoP meetings.
    The ‘Event Effect Method’ was used to control for effect modifiers by identifying events both part and not part of the intervention and estimating their effect on CoP.
    Originality/value
    The development method improved knowledge sharing and the SOP. The method confirmed some earlier findings regarding CoP development and raises new questions regarding participant engagement, researcher role and start-up workshop.
    Practical implications
    The results indicate that knowledge sharing within operations can be improved by considering tacit and explicit knowledge sharing as supplementary.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics
    Publication date2017
    Pages1714-1726
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventIFKAD 2017: Knowledge Management in the 21st Century: Resilience, Creativity and Co-creation - Skt Petersburg, Russian Federation
    Duration: 7 Jun 20179 Jun 2017
    Conference number: 12
    http://www.ifkad.org/

    Conference

    ConferenceIFKAD 2017
    Number12
    LocationSkt Petersburg
    CountryRussian Federation
    Period07/06/201709/06/2017
    Internet address

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