Developing and modelling of ohmic heating for solid food products

Aberham Hailu Feyissa, Stina Frosch

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Abstract

Heating of solid foods using the conventional technologies is time-consuming due to the fact that heat transfer is limited by internal conduction within the product. This is a big challenge to food manufactures who wish to heat the product faster to the desired core temperature and to ensure more uniform quality across the product. Ohmic heating is one of the novel technologies potentially solving this problem by allowing volumetric heating of the product and thereby reducing or eliminating temperature gradients within the product. However, the application of ohmic heating for solid food products such as meat and seafood is not industrially utilized yet. Therefore, the aim of the current work is to model and develop the ohmic heating technology for heating of solid meat and seafood.
A 3D mathematical model of coupled heat transfer and electric field during ohmic heating of meat products has been developed. The resulting coupled model equations were solved using the Finite Element Method (COMSOL Multi-physics® version 4.2). The experiments were carried out using a newly developed laboratory-scale ohmic heater with different setups e.g., different applied voltages. The temperature profiles and current were continuously measured inside the product. The model has been validated using the experimental data. Good agreement was achieved between model predictions and the experimental values. The model has been utilized to predict the temperature distribution and to control the process by tracking the cold spot and hot spot within meat products during the ohmic heating process. The conclusion is that Ohmic heating is a promising technology for heating of solid meat and seafood, and the developed model can be used in the design and optimization of the ohmic heating processes for the meat and seafood products.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2014
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event28th EFFoST International Conference | 7th International Food Factory for the Future Conference - Uppsala, Sweden
Duration: 25 Nov 201428 Nov 2014

Conference

Conference28th EFFoST International Conference | 7th International Food Factory for the Future Conference
CountrySweden
CityUppsala
Period25/11/201428/11/2014

Cite this

Feyissa, A. H., & Frosch, S. (2014). Developing and modelling of ohmic heating for solid food products. Abstract from 28th EFFoST International Conference | 7th International Food Factory for the Future Conference, Uppsala, Sweden.