Determination of magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers for multiple sclerosis treatment effects

Mark Lyksborg

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

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Abstract

This thesis describes methods for deriving multiple sclerosis (MS) biomarkers from Magnetic resonance images (MRI).

MS results in a neurodegenerative disease course to which MRI has proven sensitive. In particular diusion MRI (dMRI), a modality reflecting microstructural properties of brain tissue has shown sensitivity towards the disease pathology of MS. We introduce three different methods for analysing MRI/dMRI in the white matter (WM) tracts, of an MS population. One method detects groupwise, tract-oriented differences based on features of the local diffusion tensor model. The next method, anatomical connectivity mapping (ACM) reflects voxel-wise whole-brain connectivity and is used to investigate cross sectional disease-related connectivity alterations. The third method presented is a voxelbased segmentation method able to detect WM abnormalities (WM lesions), with the potential of being used as lesion load markers often reported in clinical studies.

The main result of the first method is statistical differences between healthy controls and MS patients in 11 WM tracts. The ability to distinguish the clinically defined subtypes of relapse remitting and secondary progressive MS patients is found based on the ACM method. Using ACM, localized statistical differences were detected in the bilateral motor tracts. The most interesting result of the lesion segmentation method study, was that it achieved a segmentation performance which was batter than two competing methods relative to the manual segmentations of the radiographers.

The methods presented in the thesis are useful in studies of MS and are expected to have widespread applications in neuroscience.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages173
Publication statusPublished - 2013
SeriesPHD-2013
Number297
ISSN0909-3192

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Lyksborg, M. (2013). Determination of magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers for multiple sclerosis treatment effects. Technical University of Denmark. PHD-2013, No. 297