Determination of gas recovery efficiency at two Danish landfills by performing downwind methane measurements and stable carbon isotopic analysis

Ehsan Fathi Aghdam*, Anders Michael Fredenslund, Jeffrey Chanton, Peter Kjeldsen, Charlotte Scheutz

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

In this study, the total methane (CH4) generation rate and gas recovery efficiency at two Danish landfills were determined by field measurements. The landfills are located close to each other and are connected to the same gas collection system. The tracer gas dispersion method was used for quantification of CH4 emissions from the landfills, while the CH4 oxidation efficiency in the landfill cover layers was determined by stable carbon isotopic technique. The total CH4 generation rate was estimated by a first-order decay model (Afvalzorg) and was compared with the total CH4 generation rate determined by field measurements. CH4 emissions from the two landfills combined ranged from 29.1 to 49.6 kg CH4/h. The CH4 oxidation efficiency was 6–37%, with an average of 18% corresponding to an average CH4 oxidation rate of 8.1 kg CH4/h. The calculated gas recovery efficiency was 59–76%, indicating a high potential for optimization of the gas collection system. Higher gas recovery efficiencies (73–76%) were observed after the commencement of gas extraction from a new section of one of the landfills. A good agreement was observed between the average total CH4 generation rates determined by field measurements (147 kg CH4/h) and those estimated by the Afvalzorg model (154 kg CH4/h).
Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste Management
Volume73
Pages (from-to)220-229
ISSN0956-053X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Methane emission
  • Methane oxidation
  • Tracer gas dispersion method
  • Landfill gas generation modeling

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