Determination of a cohesive law for delamination modelling - Accounting for variation in crack opening and stress state across the test specimen width

R. K. Joki, F. Grytten, Brian Hayman, Bent F. Sørensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

769 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The cohesive law for Mode I delamination in glass fibre Non-Crimped Fabric reinforced vinylester is determined for use in finite element models. The cohesive law is derived from a delamination test based on DCB specimens loaded with pure bending moments taking into account the presence of large-scale bridging and the multi-axial state of stress in the test specimen. The fracture resistance is calculated from the applied moments, the elastic material properties and the geometry of the test specimen. The cohesive law is then determined in a three step procedure: 1) Obtain the bridging law by differentiating the fracture resistance with respect to opening displacement at the initial location of the crack tip, measured at the specimen edge. 2) Extend the bridging law to a cohesive law by accounting for crack tip fracture energy. 3) Fine-tune the cohesive law through an iterative modelling approach so that the changing state of stress and deformation across the width of the test specimen is taken into account. The changing state of stress and deformation across the specimen width is shown to be significant for small openings (small fracture process zone size). This will also be important for the initial part of the cohesive law with high stress variation for small openings (a few microns), but the effects are expected to be smaller for large-scale-bridging where the stress varies slowly over an increase in crack opening of several millimetres. The accuracy of the proposed approach is assessed by comparing the results of numerical simulation using the cohesive law derived by the above method, with those of physical testing for the standard DCB Mode I delamination test (ASTM D 5528). (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCOMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Volume128
Pages (from-to)49-57
ISSN0266-3538
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Engineering (all)
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Delamination
  • Finite element analysis (FEA)
  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Crack propagation
  • Crack tips
  • Cracks
  • Deformation
  • Failure (mechanical)
  • Fracture
  • Fracture toughness
  • Iterative methods
  • Numerical methods
  • Polymer matrix composites
  • Stress intensity factors
  • Elastic material properties
  • Fracture process zone
  • Multi-axial state of stress
  • Opening displacement
  • Physical testing
  • Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)
  • Scale bridgings
  • State of stress
  • Finite element method
  • MATERIALS
  • NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS
  • FIBER COMPOSITES
  • ZONE
  • FRACTURE
  • DEFORMATION
  • ELEMENTS
  • DAMAGE
  • DCB

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of a cohesive law for delamination modelling - Accounting for variation in crack opening and stress state across the test specimen width'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this