Determination of 36Cl in nuclear waste from reactor decommissioning

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    Abstract

    An analytical method for the determination of Cl-36 in nuclear waste such as graphite, heavy concrete, steel, aluminum, and lead was developed. Several methods were investigated for decomposing the samples. AgCl precipitation was used to separate Cl-36 from the matrix elements, followed by ion-exchange chromatography to remove interfering radionuclides. The purified Cl-36 was then measured by liquid scintillation counting. The chemical yield of chlorine, as measured by ICPMS, is above 70% and the decontamination factors for all interfering radionuclides are greater than 10(6). The detection limit of this analytical method for Cl-36 is 14 mBq. The method has been used to determine Cl-36 in heavy concrete, aluminum, and graphite from the Danish DR-2 research reactor.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAnalytical Chemistry
    Volume79
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)3126-3134
    ISSN0003-2700
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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