Detection of nerve gases using surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrates with high droplet adhesion

Aron Hakonen, Tomas Rindzevicius, Michael Stenbæk Schmidt, Per Ola Andersson, Lars Juhlin, Mikael Svedendahl, Anja Boisen, Mikael Käll

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Abstract

Threats from chemical warfare agents, commonly known as nerve gases, constitute a serious security issue of increasing global concern because of surging terrorist activity worldwide. However, nerve gases are difficult to detect using current analytical tools and outside dedicated laboratories. Here we demonstrate that surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) can be used for sensitive detection of femtomol quantities of two nerve gases, VX and Tabun, using a handheld Raman device and SERS substrates consisting of flexible gold-covered Si nanopillars. The substrate surface exhibits high droplet adhesion and nanopillar clustering due to elasto-capillary forces, resulting in enrichment of target molecules in plasmonic hot-spots with high Raman enhancement. The results may pave the way for strategic life-saving SERS detection of chemical warfare agents in the field.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNanoscale
Volume8
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1305-1308
Number of pages4
ISSN2040-3364
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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