The objective was to develop a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of antibodies to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Ap) serotype 12 in pig serum. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Ap serotype 12 was purified and used as antigen in the assay. Antibodies to the LPS antigen in samples of pig serum were detected by inhibition of the binding of polyclonal rabbit antibodies raised against Ap serotype 12. The assay was evaluated against sera from experimentally infected pigs, from pig herds naturally infected with Ap and from herds declared free of Ap serotypc 12 infection. The blocking ELISA showed no cross-reaction when tested with sera from pigs experimentally infected with 12 other serotypes of Ap biotype 1. The sensitivity and specificity of the blocking ELISA on the herd level was evaluated by testing sera from pig herds naturally infected with Ap serotypes 2 and/or 12 and from herds declared free of infection with Ap. The Ap serotype 12 blocking ELISA showed a herd sensitivity of 0.77 (95% confidence interval, 0.62-0.88) and a herd specificity of 1.00 (0.95-1.00) with a cut-off value at 40% relative absorbance or 60% inhibition. The assay may be used advantageously as a confirmatory test in serological surveillance programmes for Ap infections in SPF systems for pig production.
- serological assay
- Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae