Designing Individual Penalty Signals for Improved Energy Flexibility Utilisation

Rune Grønborg Junker, Rishi Relan, Henrik Madsen

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The energy flexibility associated with energy consumption must be exploited to accommodate more fluctuating renewable energy. The only solution that enables this without violating privacy concerns is penalty-based control, where penalty signals are designed to give incentives for the consumers to adjust their demand according to the needs of the grid. Designing the penalty signals is a challenging task due to different flexibility potential offered by various energy consuming systems. In this paper, it is shown that the best utilisation of energy flexibility requires individual penalty signals tuned towards the energy flexibility of each consumer. Here, we present a very simple yet novel approach for designing such individual penalty signals for each consumer, such that the value of the energy flexibility is increased, for both the grid operators and the consumers. (C) 2019, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesIFAC-PapersOnLine
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)123-128
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventIFAC Workshop on Control of Smart Grid and Renewable Energy Systems - Hyatt Regency Jeju, Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 10 Jun 201912 Jun 2019


ConferenceIFAC Workshop on Control of Smart Grid and Renewable Energy Systems
LocationHyatt Regency Jeju
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
Internet address


  • Renewable energy
  • Energy flexibility
  • Flexibility function
  • Step response
  • Discrete fourier transformation


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