Design, economics and parameter uncertainty in dynamic operation of post-combustion CO2 capture using piperazine (PZ) and MEA

Jozsef Gaspar, Luis Ricardez-Sandoval, John Bagterp Jørgensen, Philip Loldrup Fosbøl

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Post-combustion capture is a promising solution to mitigate the anthropogenic CO2 emission rate and reduce global warming. However, to make it economically attractive, the techno-economic performance of this process needs to be improved. This includes steady-state but also dynamic operation of the plant. Flexibility is particularly crucial from an economic and operational point of view since plants must balance the power production and the electricity demand on a daily basis.
This work shows the impact of design decisions and uncertainties on the dynamic operation and economics of a CO2 capture plant using piperazine (PZ), compared to the benchmark MEA solvent. This is exemplified through dynamic model calculations. The results show that the capacity of the buffer tank is a key parameter for the flexibility of the plant. A small tank corresponds to lower capital cost but it leads to increased operation cost and also to flexibility/controllability issues. Both, the PZ and MEA plants present inverse response for small tanks. These plants are challenging to control.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Pages (from-to)1444-1452
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-13) - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Duration: 14 Nov 201618 Nov 2016


Conference13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-13)
LocationEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne


  • Dynamic design
  • Economics
  • Flexibility
  • Uncertainty
  • Piperazine

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