Design and comparative analysis of alternative mooring systems for floating wind turbines in shallow water with emphasis on ultimate limit state design

Kun Xu*, Kjell Larsen, Yanlin Shao, Min Zhang, Zhen Gao, Torgeir Moan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Floating wind turbines represent a cost-efficient energy solution in deep water where bottom-fixed wind turbine becomes excessively expensive. However, mooring design is quite challenging for all shallow water depths including the transition water depth between bottom-fixed and floating wind turbines, in the order of 50–80 m, for which floating concepts might become more cost-effective than bottom-fixed ones. In this paper, mooring system design for floating wind turbine in shallow water are studied considering both catenary and taut mooring systems. Seven mooring concepts designed for a 5 MW semi-submersible floating wind turbine at 50 m water depth are compared with the purpose to identify solutions that are structurally reliable and economically attractive. The concepts are made of different mooring line materials (chain and synthetic fibre rope), mooring components (clump weight and buoy) and anchors (drag embedment anchor and suction anchor). Based on the latest experimental data, the nonlinear tension-dependent stiffness of synthetic fibre rope are described with an improved numerical model. Performance of the seven mooring concepts are compared with respect to mooring line characteristics, motion response amplitude operator, utilization factor considering the ultimate limit state design and cost etc. Six mooring design concepts are finally recommended for future assessment regarding the application of floating wind turbines in shallow water say 50 m and deeper.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108377
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume219
Number of pages19
ISSN0029-8018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Floating wind turbine
  • Shallow water
  • Hybrid mooring design
  • Synthetic fibre rope
  • Syrope model

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