Design and characterization of a low-viscous muscle tissue mimicking media at the ISM-band (2.4–2.48 GHz) for easy antenna displacement in in vitro measurements

Sævar Þór Jónasson, Vitaliy Zhurbenko, Tom Keinicke Johansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Phantoms mimicking electromagnetic properties of biological tissues are widely used in evaluation of electromagnetic field distribution in human body. In this paper, low-viscous, optically transparent liquids that mimic muscle tissue, are designed and characterized. Various mixing ratios of de-ionized water and diethylene glycol butyl ether are examined in range of widely used biomedical frequencies. A recipe for 2.45 GHz is given, which provides less than 5.6% deviation from the reference. With help of curve fitting of the discrete measurement points, recipes for other parts of the body can be produced. For example, a recipe for the grey matter of the human brain is suggested, resulting in less than 4.7% deviation. An improved recipe for muscle tissue, where Triton X-100 is added, improves the target recipe to less than 1% deviation from the reference.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2012 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)
Publication date2012
ISBN (Print)978-1-4577-1330-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4577-1331-6
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event 2012 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC) - Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 4 Dec 20127 Dec 2012


Conference 2012 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)
CountryTaiwan, Province of China


  • Diethylene Glycol Butyl Ether (DGBE)
  • Muscle tissue mimicking media
  • Polyethylene Glycol Mono Phenyl Ether (Triton X-100)

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