Depression as a Prognostic Factor for Breast Cancer Mortality

Karen Hjerl, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Niels Keiding, Henning T. Mouridsen, Preben B. Mortensen, Torben Jørgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

It is unclear if depression or depressive symptoms have an effect on mortality in breast cancer patients. In this population-based, nationwide, retrospective cohort study in Denmark, depression was defined as affective or anxiety disorders that necessitated psychiatric hospital admission. All the affective and anxiety disorders were divided and categorized into five ordinal diagnostic groups. Early-stage (N10,382) and late-stage (N10,211) breast cancer patients were analyzed separately with Cox’s regression adjusted for well-documented somatic prognostic variables. The authors used survival analysis of data from three central registers and found that breast cancer patients with depression had a modestly but significantly higher risk of mortality depending on stage of breast cancer and time of depression. The same result was found after censoring unnatural causes of death such as accident, suicide, or homicide.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychosomatics
Volume44
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
ISSN0033-3182
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Hjerl, K., Andersen, E. W., Keiding, N., T. Mouridsen, H., B. Mortensen, P., & Jørgensen, T. (2003). Depression as a Prognostic Factor for Breast Cancer Mortality. Psychosomatics, 44(1), 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psy.44.1.24