Dependence of Weibull distribution parameters on the CNR threshold i wind lidar data

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Abstract

The increase in height and area swept by the blades of wind turbines that harvest energy from the air flow in the lower atmosphere have raised a need for better understanding of the structure of the profiles of the wind, its gusts and the monthly to annual long-term, statistical distribution in the boundary layer. Observations from tall towers in combination with observations from a lidar of wind speed up to 600 m are used to study the long-term variability of the wind profile over sub-urban, rural, coastal and marine areas. The variability is expressed in terms of the shape parameter in the Weibull distribution. When the lidar Carrier to Noise Ratio (CNR) is lower than a threshold value the observations are often not used as the uncertainty on the wind speed of the lidar measurements increases. This analysis shows that the mean wind speed is a function of the applied CNR threshold, which indicates a higher concentration of dust and aerosols driven by changes of near-surface wind speed. The height of the maximum in the profile of the shape parameter in the Weibull distribution (so-called reversal height) was found to depend on the applied CNR threshold; it is found to be lower at small CNR threshold values. Based on the measurements, a parametrization of the vertical profile of the shape parameter that consists of two terms is devised. Comparison with the observations reveals that the terms interplay in such a way that for heights typical for wind turbines (100 to 150 m) the first term is essential over land, both terms are about equally important in the coastal area where the height of the reversal height is low and in the marine conditions, the second term dominates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts of the 15th EMS Annual Meeting & 12th European Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM) 2015
Number of pages1
PublisherEuropean Meteorological Society
Publication date2015
Article numberEMS2015-621
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event15th EMS Annual Meeting & 12th European Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM) - Hotel Marinela - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
Duration: 7 Sep 201511 Sep 2015
Conference number: 15
http://www.ems2015.eu/

Conference

Conference15th EMS Annual Meeting & 12th European Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM)
Number15
LocationHotel Marinela - Sofia
Country/TerritoryBulgaria
CitySofia
Period07/09/201511/09/2015
Internet address
SeriesEMS Annual Meeting Abstracts
Volume12

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