Deodorization of lipase-interesterified butterfat and rapeseed oil blends in a pilot deodorizer

Torben Harald Rønne, Charlotte Jacobsen, Xuebing Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A mixture of butterfat and rapeseed oil (7:3, wt/wt) was interesterified using immobilized lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus at 50øC. The interesterified mixture was then deodorized at five temperatures (60-180øC) and three samples were withdrawn at 1, 2, and 3h. The operation was monitored by free fatty acid (FFA) content, peroxide value (PV), volatiles, and the sensory evaluation of the samples with respect to flavor and odor (most importantly the butter flavor and odor and the off-flavor and odor from butyric acid). ANOVA partial least squares regression analysis showed that deodorization time, and especially deodorization temperature, significantly affected the sensory properties and levels of volatiles, FFA and peroxides in the samples. The best compromise between removing undesirable off-flavors while maintaining the desirable butter flavor seemed to be obtained by using a deodorization temperature of 120øC for 2h. Response surface methodology analysis showed a significant effect of deodorization temperature and, to a lesser extent, deodorization time. The butter flavor and odor had an optimum at a deodorization temperature of approximately 100-120øC for 1-2h. These conditions are therefore recommended in order to remove the off-flavor and odor, while maintaining as much as possible of the attractive butter flavor and odor
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
Volume108
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)182-192
ISSN1438-7697
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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