Deformation Mechanisms in Tool–Workpiece Asperity Contact in Metal Forming

Chris Valentin Nielsen*, Xiaodan Zhang, Marcel Moghadam, Niels Hansen, Niels Bay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


The contribution to frictionFriction stemming from dissipation of plastic energy is studied by numerical simulations and experiments. The geometrical setup consists of a single model asperity, which is first flattened against a tool with grooves on a smaller length scale. Relative, tangential sliding between the model asperity and the tool is induced subsequently until a steady state is reached. The flank angle of the grooves on the tool is varied. Comparison between the simulations and the experiments leads to validation of the simulations at low tool flank angles, while the current numerical implementation cannot handle the complicated flow around the tool grooves with a large flank angle. At low flank angles, the simulated tangential tool force is in agreement with experiments when keeping one determined friction factor. This proves that the change in tangential force, corresponding to a change in apparent frictionFriction factor, is only due to the dissipated energy from the plastic wavesPlastic waves. The validated numerical model can be used to determine a wider range of apparent frictionFriction factors for strain hardening materials.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForming the Future : Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on the Technology of Plasticity
EditorsG. Daehn, J. Cao, B. Kinsey, E. Tekkaya, A. Vivek , Y. Vivek
Publication date2021
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-75380-1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-75381-8
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event13th International Conference on the Technology of Plasticity - Virtual event
Duration: 25 Jun 202130 Jun 2021


Conference13th International Conference on the Technology of Plasticity
LocationVirtual event
Series The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series


  • Friction
  • Asperity contact
  • Plastic waves


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