Defining Implementation - A process or an outcome?

Christine Ipsen*, Signe Poulsen, Selma Jonsdottir, Kasper Edwards

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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The term implementation is widely used, not only in stress interventions, but also in related fields. Particular with the emergence of implementation science, the popularity of the term increased. However, in stress preventive interventions, the term implementation is continuously used without a clear definition and there appears to be several distinct meanings in the literature. Whereas the discussion of concepts and theory is indeed at the heart of science the term implementation is used instrumentally seemingly without reflection. The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of the term implementation in preventive workplace interventions studies and how it is being defined, and if that is not the case what interpretation the paper applies to implementation. Further, this paper proposes a definition of implementation in preventive interventions. The systematic study collated, summarized and reviewed 6755 preventive worksite intervention studies that used the term implementation, in order to investigate the different meanings of the term and propose a definition. The literature review shows that only three papers (11%) have a clear definition of implementation where the rest does not provide a clear definition. Based on the findings so far, defining Implementation is a question of being either a process and/or an outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Work Stress and Health Conference 2019
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventWork, Stress and Health 2019 : What does the future hold? - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 6 Nov 20199 Nov 2019


ConferenceWork, Stress and Health 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


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