Defining Energy-Dense, Nutrient-Poor Food and Drinks and Estimating the Amount of Discretionary Energy

Anja Biltoft-Jensen*, Jeppe Matthiessen, Karin Hess Ygil, Tue Christensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

81 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Overconsumption of energy provided by energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) food and drinks increases the risk of unhealthy weight gain and of obesity-related health outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a nutrient profiling model for classifying EDNP food and drinks and to estimate the amount of discretionary energy for EDNP food and drinks in a recommended diet. A stepwise approach was used first to develop a nutrient profiling model for classifying EDNP food and drinks and then to estimate the amount of discretionary energy in a recommended diet using diet modeling. The nutrition profiling model comprised 24 macro- and micronutrients and energy density. The model classified 67% of 1482 foods and 73% of 161 drinks correctly as EDNP food and drinks compared with an expert-adjusted model. Sweets, chocolate, cake, cookies and biscuits, sweet and salty snacks, sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened drinks, and alcoholic drinks were classified as EDNP food and drinks. The estimated amount of discretionary energy for EDNP food and drinks was 4-6% of the energy requirements for 4-75-year-old Danes. It seems prudent to have special attention on EDNP food and drinks in dietary guidelines and future public health initiatives to avoid overconsumption of energy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1477
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number7
Number of pages17
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Nutrient profiling
  • Dietary guidelines
  • Dietary pattern
  • Recommended diet

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Defining Energy-Dense, Nutrient-Poor Food and Drinks and Estimating the Amount of Discretionary Energy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this