Deeper insight into the structure of the anaerobic digestion microbial community; the biogas microbiome database is expanded with 157 new genomes

Laura Treu, Panagiotis Kougias, Stefano Campanaro, Ilaria Bassani, Irini Angelidaki

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Abstract

This research aimed to better characterize the biogas microbiome by means of high throughput metagenomic sequencing and to elucidate the core microbial consortium existing in biogas reactors independently from the operational conditions. Assembly of shotgun reads followed by an established binning strategy resulted in the highest, up to now, extraction of microbial genomes involved in biogas producing systems. From the 236 extracted genome bins, it was remarkably found that the vast majority of them could only be characterized at high taxonomic levels. This result confirms that the biogas microbiome is comprised by a consortium of unknown species. A comparative analysis between the genome bins of the current study and those extracted from a previous metagenomic assembly demonstrated a similar phylogenetic distribution of the main taxa. Finally, this analysis led to the identification of a subset of common microbes that could be considered as the core essential group in biogas production.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume216
Pages (from-to)260-266
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Biogas
  • Microbiome
  • Metagenome
  • Assembly
  • Binning

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