Decarbonizing Sweden’s energy and transportation system by 2050

Rasmus Bramstoft*, Klaus Skytte

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Decarbonizing Sweden’s transportation sector is necessary to realize its long-term vision of eliminating net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy system by 2050. Within this context, this study develops two scenarios for the transportation sector: one with high electrification (EVS) and the other with high biofuel and biomethane utilization (BIOS). The energy system model STREAM is utilized to compute the socioeconomic system cost and simulate an integrated transportation, electricity, gas, fuel refinery, and heat system. The results show that electrifying a high share of Sweden’s road transportation yields the least systems cost. However, in the least-cost scenario (EVS), bioenergy resources account for 57% of the final energy use in the transportation sector. Further, a sensitivity analysis shows that the costs of different types of cars are the most sensitive parameters in the comparative analysis of the scenarios.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management
    Volume14
    Pages (from-to)3-20
    ISSN2246-2929
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Energy system modeling
    • Transportation
    • Electric transportation
    • Biofuels and biomethane
    • STREAM model

    Cite this

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    title = "Decarbonizing Sweden’s energy and transportation system by 2050",
    abstract = "Decarbonizing Sweden’s transportation sector is necessary to realize its long-term vision of eliminating net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy system by 2050. Within this context, this study develops two scenarios for the transportation sector: one with high electrification (EVS) and the other with high biofuel and biomethane utilization (BIOS). The energy system model STREAM is utilized to compute the socioeconomic system cost and simulate an integrated transportation, electricity, gas, fuel refinery, and heat system. The results show that electrifying a high share of Sweden’s road transportation yields the least systems cost. However, in the least-cost scenario (EVS), bioenergy resources account for 57{\%} of the final energy use in the transportation sector. Further, a sensitivity analysis shows that the costs of different types of cars are the most sensitive parameters in the comparative analysis of the scenarios.",
    keywords = "Energy system modeling, Transportation, Electric transportation, Biofuels and biomethane, STREAM model",
    author = "Rasmus Bramstoft and Klaus Skytte",
    year = "2017",
    doi = "10.5278/ijsepm.2017.14.2",
    language = "English",
    volume = "14",
    pages = "3--20",
    journal = "International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management",
    issn = "2246-2929",
    publisher = "Aalborg Universitet",

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    Decarbonizing Sweden’s energy and transportation system by 2050. / Bramstoft, Rasmus; Skytte, Klaus.

    In: International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, Vol. 14, 2017, p. 3-20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Decarbonizing Sweden’s energy and transportation system by 2050

    AU - Bramstoft, Rasmus

    AU - Skytte, Klaus

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Decarbonizing Sweden’s transportation sector is necessary to realize its long-term vision of eliminating net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy system by 2050. Within this context, this study develops two scenarios for the transportation sector: one with high electrification (EVS) and the other with high biofuel and biomethane utilization (BIOS). The energy system model STREAM is utilized to compute the socioeconomic system cost and simulate an integrated transportation, electricity, gas, fuel refinery, and heat system. The results show that electrifying a high share of Sweden’s road transportation yields the least systems cost. However, in the least-cost scenario (EVS), bioenergy resources account for 57% of the final energy use in the transportation sector. Further, a sensitivity analysis shows that the costs of different types of cars are the most sensitive parameters in the comparative analysis of the scenarios.

    AB - Decarbonizing Sweden’s transportation sector is necessary to realize its long-term vision of eliminating net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy system by 2050. Within this context, this study develops two scenarios for the transportation sector: one with high electrification (EVS) and the other with high biofuel and biomethane utilization (BIOS). The energy system model STREAM is utilized to compute the socioeconomic system cost and simulate an integrated transportation, electricity, gas, fuel refinery, and heat system. The results show that electrifying a high share of Sweden’s road transportation yields the least systems cost. However, in the least-cost scenario (EVS), bioenergy resources account for 57% of the final energy use in the transportation sector. Further, a sensitivity analysis shows that the costs of different types of cars are the most sensitive parameters in the comparative analysis of the scenarios.

    KW - Energy system modeling

    KW - Transportation

    KW - Electric transportation

    KW - Biofuels and biomethane

    KW - STREAM model

    U2 - 10.5278/ijsepm.2017.14.2

    DO - 10.5278/ijsepm.2017.14.2

    M3 - Journal article

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    SP - 3

    EP - 20

    JO - International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management

    JF - International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management

    SN - 2246-2929

    ER -