Data-driven soft sensor design with multiple-rate sampled data: a comparative study

Bao Lin, Bodil Recke, Torben M. Schmidt, Jørgen K.H. Knudsen, Sten Bay Jørgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Multirate systems are common in industrial processes where quality measurements have slower sampling rates than other process variables. Since intersample information is desirable for effective quality control, different approaches have been reported to estimate the quality between samples, including the numerical interpolation, polynomial transformation, data lifting, and weighted partial least squares (WPLS). Two modifications to the original data lifting approach are proposed in this paper: reformulating the extraction of a fast model as an optimization problem and ensuring the desired model properties through Tikhonov Regularization. A comparative investigation of the four approaches is performed. Their applicability, accuracy, and robustness to process noise are evaluated with a single-input single-output (SISO) system. The modified data lifting and WPLS approaches are implemented to design quality soft sensors for cement kiln processes using data collected from a simulator and a plant log system. Preliminary results reveal that the WPLS approach is able to provide accurate one-step-ahead prediction. The regularized data lifting technique predicts the product quality of cement kiln systems reasonably well, demonstrating the potential to be used for effective quality control and as an advanced component of process analytical technology (PAT).
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)5379-5387
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2009


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