Data assimilation in hydrodynamic models for system-wide soft sensing and sensor validation for urban drainage tunnels

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Abstract

Tunnels are increasingly used worldwide to expand the capacity of urban drainage systems, but they are difficult to monitor with sensors alone. This study enables soft sensing of urban drainage tunnels by assimilating water level observations into an ensemble of hydrodynamic models. Ensemble-based data assimilation is suitable for non-linear models and provides useful uncertainty estimates. To limit the computational cost, our proposed scheme restricts the assimilation and ensemble implementation to the tunnel and represents the surrounding drainage system deterministically. We applied the scheme to a combined sewer overflow tunnel in Copenhagen, Denmark, with two sensors 3.4 km apart. The downstream observations were assimilated, while those upstream were used for validation. The scheme was tuned using a high-intensity event and validated with a low-intensity one. In a third event, the scheme was able to provide soft sensing as well as identify errors in the upstream sensor with high confidence.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hydroinformatics
ISSN1464-7141
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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