Dark excitations in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides

Thorsten Deilmann, Kristian Sommer Thygesen

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Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) possess unique optoelectronic properties, including strongly bound excitons and trions. To date, most studies have focused on optically active excitations, but recent experiments have highlighted the existence of dark states, which are equally important in many respects. Here, we use ab initio many-body calculations to unravel the nature of the dark excitations in monolayer MoSe2, MoS2, WSe2, andWS(2). Our results show that all these monolayer TMDCs host dark states as their lowest neutral and charged excitations. We further show that dark excitons possess larger binding energies than their bright counterparts while the opposite holds for trions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number201113
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number20
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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