Danish Whole-Genome-Sequenced Candida albicans and Candida glabrata Samples Fit into Globally Prevalent Clades

Judit Szarvas*, Ana Rita Rebelo, Valeria Bortolaia, Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon, Dennis Schrøder Hansen, Hans Linde Nielsen, Niels Nørskov-Lauritsen, Michael Kemp, Bent Løwe Røder, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Turid Snekloth Søndergaard, John Eugenio Coia, Claus Østergaard, Henrik Westh, Frank Møller Aarestrup

*Corresponding author for this work

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Candida albicans and Candida glabrata are opportunistic fungal pathogens with increasing incidence worldwide and higher-than-expected prevalence in Denmark. We whole-genome sequenced yeast isolates collected from Danish Clinical Microbiology Laboratories to obtain an overview of the Candida population in the country. The majority of the 30 C. albicans isolates were found to belong to three globally prevalent clades, and, with one exception, the remaining isolates were also predicted to cluster with samples from other geographical locations. Similarly, most of the eight C. glabrata isolates were predicted to be prevalent subtypes. Antifungal susceptibility testing proved all C. albicans isolates to be susceptible to both azoles and echinocandins. Two C. glabrata isolates presented azole-resistant phenotypes, yet all were susceptible to echinocandins. There is no indication of causality between population structure and resistance phenotypes for either species.
Original languageEnglish
Article number962
JournalJournal of Fungi
Issue number11
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Whole-genome sequencing
  • Fungal infection
  • Antifungal susceptibility
  • Phylogenetics


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