Cytokine expression in mice exposed to diesel exhaust particles by inhalation. Role of tumor necrosis factor

Anne T. Saber, Nicklas R. Jacobsen, Jette Bornholdt, Sanna L. Kjær, Marianne Dybdahl, Lotte Risom, Steffen Loft, Ulla Vogel, Håkan Wallin*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Background: Particulate air pollution has been associated with lung and cardiovascular disease, for which lung inflammation may be a driving mechanism. The pro-inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been suggested to have a key-role in particle-induced inflammation. We studied the time course of gene expression of inflammatory markers in the lungs of wild type mice and Tnf-/-mice after exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs). Mice were exposed to either a single or multiple doses of DEP by inhalation. We measured the mRNA level of the cytokines Tnf and interleukin-6 (Il-6) and the chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein (Mcp-1), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (Mip-2) and keratinocyte derived chemokine (Kc) in the lung tissue at different time points after exposure. Results: Tnf mRNA expression levels increased late after DEP-inhalation, whereas the expression levels of Il-6, Mcp-1 and Kc increased early. The expression of Mip-2 was independent of TNF if the dose was above a certain level. The expression levels of the cytokines Kc, Mcp-1 and Il-6, were increased in the absence of TNF. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that Tnf is not important in early DEP induced inflammation and rather exerts negative influence on Mcp-1 and Kc mRNA levels. This suggests that other signalling pathways are important, a candidate being one involving Mcp-1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalParticle and Fibre Toxicology
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Saber, A. T., Jacobsen, N. R., Bornholdt, J., Kjær, S. L., Dybdahl, M., Risom, L., Loft, S., Vogel, U., & Wallin, H. (2006). Cytokine expression in mice exposed to diesel exhaust particles by inhalation. Role of tumor necrosis factor. Particle and Fibre Toxicology, 3, [4].