Curvature and Strength of Ni-YSZ Solid Oxide Half-Cells After Redox Treatments

Antonin Faes, Henrik Lund Frandsen, Mikko Pihlatie, Andreas Kaiser, Darlene R. Goldstein

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    One of the main drawbacks of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell technology is the limited capability to withstand reduction and oxidation (“RedOx”) of the Ni phase. This study compares the effect of RedOx cycles on curvature and strength of half-cells, composed of a nickel-yttria-stabilized-zirconia (Ni-YSZ) support, a Ni-YSZ anode, and an 8YSZ electrolyte. Five different treatments are studied: (i) reduction at 600°C, (ii) reduction at 1000°C, (iii) 1RedOx cycle at 750°C, (iv) 5RedOx cycles at 750°C, and (v) 5RedOx cycles at 600°C. The strength is measured by the ball-on-ring method, where it is calculated analytically from the force. In this calculation the thermal stresses are estimated from the curvature of the half-cell. For each treatment, more than 30 samples are tested. About 20 ball-on-ring samples are laser cut from one original 12×12 cm2 half-cell. Curvature and porosity are measured for each sample before and after RedOx treatments. The first observations show that increasing the reduction temperature enhance strength but does not influence the curvature, whereas 1RedOx cycle at 750°C increases the curvature without changing the strength. Consecutive RedOx cycles seem to decrease anode-supported cell strength but this is coupled to lower porosity of the tested samples. ©2010 American Society of Mechanical Engineers
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
    Volume7
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)0510111-0510117
    ISSN1550-624X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
    • Fuel Cells and hydrogen

    Cite this

    @article{b6968d8b8ba9485b86e9c3dfb7c16c42,
    title = "Curvature and Strength of Ni-YSZ Solid Oxide Half-Cells After Redox Treatments",
    abstract = "One of the main drawbacks of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell technology is the limited capability to withstand reduction and oxidation (“RedOx”) of the Ni phase. This study compares the effect of RedOx cycles on curvature and strength of half-cells, composed of a nickel-yttria-stabilized-zirconia (Ni-YSZ) support, a Ni-YSZ anode, and an 8YSZ electrolyte. Five different treatments are studied: (i) reduction at 600°C, (ii) reduction at 1000°C, (iii) 1RedOx cycle at 750°C, (iv) 5RedOx cycles at 750°C, and (v) 5RedOx cycles at 600°C. The strength is measured by the ball-on-ring method, where it is calculated analytically from the force. In this calculation the thermal stresses are estimated from the curvature of the half-cell. For each treatment, more than 30 samples are tested. About 20 ball-on-ring samples are laser cut from one original 12×12 cm2 half-cell. Curvature and porosity are measured for each sample before and after RedOx treatments. The first observations show that increasing the reduction temperature enhance strength but does not influence the curvature, whereas 1RedOx cycle at 750°C increases the curvature without changing the strength. Consecutive RedOx cycles seem to decrease anode-supported cell strength but this is coupled to lower porosity of the tested samples. {\circledC}2010 American Society of Mechanical Engineers",
    keywords = "Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Fuel Cells and hydrogen, Br{\ae}ndselsceller og brint",
    author = "Antonin Faes and Frandsen, {Henrik Lund} and Mikko Pihlatie and Andreas Kaiser and Goldstein, {Darlene R.}",
    year = "2010",
    doi = "10.1115/1.4001019",
    language = "English",
    volume = "7",
    pages = "0510111--0510117",
    journal = "Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology",
    issn = "1550-624X",
    publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers",
    number = "5",

    }

    Curvature and Strength of Ni-YSZ Solid Oxide Half-Cells After Redox Treatments. / Faes, Antonin; Frandsen, Henrik Lund; Pihlatie, Mikko; Kaiser, Andreas; Goldstein, Darlene R.

    In: Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 5, 2010, p. 0510111-0510117.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Curvature and Strength of Ni-YSZ Solid Oxide Half-Cells After Redox Treatments

    AU - Faes, Antonin

    AU - Frandsen, Henrik Lund

    AU - Pihlatie, Mikko

    AU - Kaiser, Andreas

    AU - Goldstein, Darlene R.

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - One of the main drawbacks of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell technology is the limited capability to withstand reduction and oxidation (“RedOx”) of the Ni phase. This study compares the effect of RedOx cycles on curvature and strength of half-cells, composed of a nickel-yttria-stabilized-zirconia (Ni-YSZ) support, a Ni-YSZ anode, and an 8YSZ electrolyte. Five different treatments are studied: (i) reduction at 600°C, (ii) reduction at 1000°C, (iii) 1RedOx cycle at 750°C, (iv) 5RedOx cycles at 750°C, and (v) 5RedOx cycles at 600°C. The strength is measured by the ball-on-ring method, where it is calculated analytically from the force. In this calculation the thermal stresses are estimated from the curvature of the half-cell. For each treatment, more than 30 samples are tested. About 20 ball-on-ring samples are laser cut from one original 12×12 cm2 half-cell. Curvature and porosity are measured for each sample before and after RedOx treatments. The first observations show that increasing the reduction temperature enhance strength but does not influence the curvature, whereas 1RedOx cycle at 750°C increases the curvature without changing the strength. Consecutive RedOx cycles seem to decrease anode-supported cell strength but this is coupled to lower porosity of the tested samples. ©2010 American Society of Mechanical Engineers

    AB - One of the main drawbacks of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell technology is the limited capability to withstand reduction and oxidation (“RedOx”) of the Ni phase. This study compares the effect of RedOx cycles on curvature and strength of half-cells, composed of a nickel-yttria-stabilized-zirconia (Ni-YSZ) support, a Ni-YSZ anode, and an 8YSZ electrolyte. Five different treatments are studied: (i) reduction at 600°C, (ii) reduction at 1000°C, (iii) 1RedOx cycle at 750°C, (iv) 5RedOx cycles at 750°C, and (v) 5RedOx cycles at 600°C. The strength is measured by the ball-on-ring method, where it is calculated analytically from the force. In this calculation the thermal stresses are estimated from the curvature of the half-cell. For each treatment, more than 30 samples are tested. About 20 ball-on-ring samples are laser cut from one original 12×12 cm2 half-cell. Curvature and porosity are measured for each sample before and after RedOx treatments. The first observations show that increasing the reduction temperature enhance strength but does not influence the curvature, whereas 1RedOx cycle at 750°C increases the curvature without changing the strength. Consecutive RedOx cycles seem to decrease anode-supported cell strength but this is coupled to lower porosity of the tested samples. ©2010 American Society of Mechanical Engineers

    KW - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    KW - Fuel Cells and hydrogen

    KW - Brændselsceller og brint

    U2 - 10.1115/1.4001019

    DO - 10.1115/1.4001019

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 7

    SP - 510111

    EP - 510117

    JO - Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology

    JF - Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology

    SN - 1550-624X

    IS - 5

    ER -