Current Collecting Grids for ITO-Free Solar Cells

Yulia Galagan, Birger Zimmermann, Erica W. C. Coenen, Mikkel Jørgensen, David M. Tanenbaum, Frederik C Krebs, Harrie Gorter, Sami Sabik, Lenneke H. Slooff, Sjoerd C. Veenstra, Jan M. Kroon, Ronn Andriessen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Indium-tin-oxide (ITO) free polymer solar cells prepared by ink jet printing a composite front electrode comprising silver grid lines and a semitransparent PEDOT:PSS conductor are demonstrated. The effect of grid line density is explored for a large series of devices and a careful modeling study enabling the identification of the most rational grid structure is presented. Both optical and light beam induced current (LBIC) mapping of the devices are used to support the power loss model and to follow the evolution of the performance over time. Current generation is found to be evenly distributed over the active area initially progressing to a larger graduation in areas with different performance. Over time coating defects also become much more apparent in the LBIC images.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)103-110
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Indium-tin-oxide
  • Materials
  • Large-area
  • Electrode grids
  • Inkjet printing
  • Efficiency
  • Energy
  • Conducting polymer
  • ITO-free solar cells
  • Polymer solar cells
  • Organic photovoltaic devices
  • Regioregularity
  • Fabrication
  • Modeling
  • Current collecting grids


Dive into the research topics of 'Current Collecting Grids for ITO-Free Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this