Cure characterisation and prediction of thermosetting epoxy for wind turbine blade manufacturing

Jesper K. Jørgensen*, Lars P. Mikkelsen, Tom L. Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

In the wind industry, the increasing length of turbine blades and the use of thick composite sections make it vital to understand the thermoset and the underlying curing process. In this study, the curing of a specific thermoset epoxy for application in wind turbine blades is characterised by differential scanning calorimetry. The thermoset is analysed under dynamic and isothermal conditions to determine the complex cure behaviour under these various conditions. The data is fitted to determine firstly; the cure kinetics of the material through a kinetic model. Secondly; the phenomenon of the glass transition temperature Tg is studied to predict the development of Tg as a function of the degree of cure. Thirdly, a Diffusion-Kinetic model was utilised to make more accurate cure predictions based on the interaction between kinetic chemical reactions and diffusion control affecting the reaction rate through the incorporation of the glass transition temperature. A simple experimental framework for validating the diffusion-kinetic model was used to make a final validation of the model predictions on a larger scale. A set of final parameters is presented for application in a full diffusion-kinetic model for cure predictions and simulations beyond this study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication43rd Risoe International Symposium on Materials Science
Number of pages15
Volume1293
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2023
Article number012015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event43rd Risø International Symposium on Materials Science - Risø, Roskilde, Denmark
Duration: 4 Sept 20237 Sept 2023

Conference

Conference43rd Risø International Symposium on Materials Science
Country/TerritoryDenmark
CityRisø, Roskilde
Period04/09/202307/09/2023
SeriesIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
ISSN1757-8981

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