Crystallographic orientations and twinning of electrodeposited nickel: a study with complementary characterization methods

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A series of nickel layers was electrodeposited at different current densities from a Watts type electrolyte containing the additive 2-butyne-1,4-diol in various concentrations. The internal structure of the nickel electrodeposits was systematically investigated applying complementary microscopic and diffraction based characterization methods involving both surface and cross section investigations with different resolution and statistics. The complementary information gathered from combining the various techniques of microstructure characterization, in particular, supported the investigation of twins and the preferred crystallographic orientations of grains in the electrodeposits. Additive-free deposition results in relatively large columnar grains with numerous growth twins of nanoscale dimensions. The presence of the additive in the electrolyte yields considerable grain refinement already at low additive concentration, but the preferred crystallographic orientation of grains changes gradually with increasing additive concentration and twins with nanoscale dimensions are detected also in these samples.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume254
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
ISSN0257-8972
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Electrodeposition
  • Twinning
  • Electron microscopy
  • Diffraction

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Crystallographic orientations and twinning of electrodeposited nickel: a study with complementary characterization methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this