The advent of intense X-rays from synchrotron sources made possible to probe, at the molecular level, the structural aspects of self-assemblies generated at interfaces. Here we present the two-dimensional (2-D) packing arrangements of two-, three- and multi-component organo-metallic self-assemblies formed via interfacial reaction at the air-aqueous solution interface, as determined by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIRD) and X-ray specular reflectivity techniques. GIXD yields structural information on the crystalline part of the Langmuir film, including the ions and counterions lateral order. Specular reflectivity yields the electron density profile of the film in the direction normal to the air-solution interface and, by modeling, gives independent information on the structure of both crystalline and amorphous parts of the film. In particular, we focus on the following systems: ordering of metal ions bound to the polar head groups of amphipilic molecules; use of bolaamphiphiles to generate oriented thin films with metal ions arranged in periodic layers; delineation of differences in the lateral organization of metal ions at interfaces as induced by racemates and enantiomerically pure amphiphiles; organization of ionophores in the presence of metal ions in membrane-like environment; self-assembly of 2 x 2 and 3 x 3 silver(I) grid-type complexes generated at the air-solution interface. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|