Cryptosporidium and Giardia in different age groups of Danish cattle and pigs - Occurrence and management associated risk factors

Charlotte Maddox-Hyttel, Rikke Breinhold Langkjær, Heidi L. Enemark, Håkan Vigre

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To obtain information both about the prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Danish cattle and pigs as well as the possible influence of different management systems on the occurrence and intensity of infection, we conducted an epidemiological survey comprising 50 randomly selected dairy and sow herds, respectively. Each herd was visited once for the collection of faecal samples and registration of basic management parameters. Faecal samples were collected from three different age groups of animals, i.e. 5 sows/cows. 10 nursing piglets/calves less than 1 month, and 10 weaner pigs 8-45 kg/calves 1-12 months. The faecal samples were purified and the number of (oo)cysts quantified. The study revealed an age-specific herd prevalence of Cryptosporidium of 16, 31 and 100% for sows, piglets and weaners, respectively, and of 14, 96 and 84% for cows, young calves and older calves, respectively. For Giardia the age-specific herd prevalence was 18, 22 and 84% for the sows, piglets and weaners, while for cattle herds the prevalence was 60, 82 and 100% for cows, young calves and older calves, correspondingly. The (oo)cyst excretion levels varied considerably both within and between herds for all age groups. Risk factors were evaluated by using proportional odds models with (oo)cyst excretion levels divided into four categories as response. Among the numerous risk factors examined, only a few were demonstrated to have a statistically significant influence, e.g. the use of an empty period in the calf pen between introduction of calves for both parasites had a protective effect in young calves. For weaners, use of straw in the pen and high pressure cleaning between batches of weaners had a preventive effect against higher Cryptosporidium oocyst excretion levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume141
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)48-59
ISSN0304-4017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Giardia
  • prevalence
  • Cryptosporidium
  • cattle
  • management
  • pig

Cite this

Maddox-Hyttel, Charlotte ; Langkjær, Rikke Breinhold ; Enemark, Heidi L. ; Vigre, Håkan. / Cryptosporidium and Giardia in different age groups of Danish cattle and pigs - Occurrence and management associated risk factors. In: Veterinary Parasitology. 2006 ; Vol. 141, No. 1-2. pp. 48-59.
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abstract = "To obtain information both about the prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Danish cattle and pigs as well as the possible influence of different management systems on the occurrence and intensity of infection, we conducted an epidemiological survey comprising 50 randomly selected dairy and sow herds, respectively. Each herd was visited once for the collection of faecal samples and registration of basic management parameters. Faecal samples were collected from three different age groups of animals, i.e. 5 sows/cows. 10 nursing piglets/calves less than 1 month, and 10 weaner pigs 8-45 kg/calves 1-12 months. The faecal samples were purified and the number of (oo)cysts quantified. The study revealed an age-specific herd prevalence of Cryptosporidium of 16, 31 and 100{\%} for sows, piglets and weaners, respectively, and of 14, 96 and 84{\%} for cows, young calves and older calves, respectively. For Giardia the age-specific herd prevalence was 18, 22 and 84{\%} for the sows, piglets and weaners, while for cattle herds the prevalence was 60, 82 and 100{\%} for cows, young calves and older calves, correspondingly. The (oo)cyst excretion levels varied considerably both within and between herds for all age groups. Risk factors were evaluated by using proportional odds models with (oo)cyst excretion levels divided into four categories as response. Among the numerous risk factors examined, only a few were demonstrated to have a statistically significant influence, e.g. the use of an empty period in the calf pen between introduction of calves for both parasites had a protective effect in young calves. For weaners, use of straw in the pen and high pressure cleaning between batches of weaners had a preventive effect against higher Cryptosporidium oocyst excretion levels.",
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Cryptosporidium and Giardia in different age groups of Danish cattle and pigs - Occurrence and management associated risk factors. / Maddox-Hyttel, Charlotte; Langkjær, Rikke Breinhold; Enemark, Heidi L.; Vigre, Håkan.

In: Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 141, No. 1-2, 2006, p. 48-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cryptosporidium and Giardia in different age groups of Danish cattle and pigs - Occurrence and management associated risk factors

AU - Maddox-Hyttel, Charlotte

AU - Langkjær, Rikke Breinhold

AU - Enemark, Heidi L.

AU - Vigre, Håkan

PY - 2006

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N2 - To obtain information both about the prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Danish cattle and pigs as well as the possible influence of different management systems on the occurrence and intensity of infection, we conducted an epidemiological survey comprising 50 randomly selected dairy and sow herds, respectively. Each herd was visited once for the collection of faecal samples and registration of basic management parameters. Faecal samples were collected from three different age groups of animals, i.e. 5 sows/cows. 10 nursing piglets/calves less than 1 month, and 10 weaner pigs 8-45 kg/calves 1-12 months. The faecal samples were purified and the number of (oo)cysts quantified. The study revealed an age-specific herd prevalence of Cryptosporidium of 16, 31 and 100% for sows, piglets and weaners, respectively, and of 14, 96 and 84% for cows, young calves and older calves, respectively. For Giardia the age-specific herd prevalence was 18, 22 and 84% for the sows, piglets and weaners, while for cattle herds the prevalence was 60, 82 and 100% for cows, young calves and older calves, correspondingly. The (oo)cyst excretion levels varied considerably both within and between herds for all age groups. Risk factors were evaluated by using proportional odds models with (oo)cyst excretion levels divided into four categories as response. Among the numerous risk factors examined, only a few were demonstrated to have a statistically significant influence, e.g. the use of an empty period in the calf pen between introduction of calves for both parasites had a protective effect in young calves. For weaners, use of straw in the pen and high pressure cleaning between batches of weaners had a preventive effect against higher Cryptosporidium oocyst excretion levels.

AB - To obtain information both about the prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Danish cattle and pigs as well as the possible influence of different management systems on the occurrence and intensity of infection, we conducted an epidemiological survey comprising 50 randomly selected dairy and sow herds, respectively. Each herd was visited once for the collection of faecal samples and registration of basic management parameters. Faecal samples were collected from three different age groups of animals, i.e. 5 sows/cows. 10 nursing piglets/calves less than 1 month, and 10 weaner pigs 8-45 kg/calves 1-12 months. The faecal samples were purified and the number of (oo)cysts quantified. The study revealed an age-specific herd prevalence of Cryptosporidium of 16, 31 and 100% for sows, piglets and weaners, respectively, and of 14, 96 and 84% for cows, young calves and older calves, respectively. For Giardia the age-specific herd prevalence was 18, 22 and 84% for the sows, piglets and weaners, while for cattle herds the prevalence was 60, 82 and 100% for cows, young calves and older calves, correspondingly. The (oo)cyst excretion levels varied considerably both within and between herds for all age groups. Risk factors were evaluated by using proportional odds models with (oo)cyst excretion levels divided into four categories as response. Among the numerous risk factors examined, only a few were demonstrated to have a statistically significant influence, e.g. the use of an empty period in the calf pen between introduction of calves for both parasites had a protective effect in young calves. For weaners, use of straw in the pen and high pressure cleaning between batches of weaners had a preventive effect against higher Cryptosporidium oocyst excretion levels.

KW - Giardia

KW - prevalence

KW - Cryptosporidium

KW - cattle

KW - management

KW - pig

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.04.032

DO - 10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.04.032

M3 - Journal article

VL - 141

SP - 48

EP - 59

JO - Veterinary Parasitology

JF - Veterinary Parasitology

SN - 0304-4017

IS - 1-2

ER -