Meat quality has an inherent complexity because of the multiple interrelated causative factors and layers of feedback regulation. Understanding the key factors and their interactions has been challenging, despite the availability of remarkable high-throughput tools and techniques that have provided insights on muscle metabolism and the genetic basis of meat quality. Likewise, we have deepened our knowledge about mineral metabolism and its role in cell functioning. Regardless of these facts, complex traits like mineral content and meat quality have been studied under reductionist approaches. However, as these phenotypes arise from complex interactions among different biological layers (genome, transcriptome, proteome, epigenome, etc.), along with environmental effects, a holistic view and systemic-level understanding of the genetic basis of complex phenotypes are in demand. Based on the state of the art, we addressed some of the questions regarding the interdependence of meat quality traits and mineral content. Furthermore, we sought to highlight potential regulatory mechanisms arising from the genes, miRNAs, and mineral interactions, as well as the pathways modulated by this interplay affecting muscle, mineral metabolism, and meat quality. By answering these questions, we did not intend to give an exhaustive review but to identify the key biological points, the challenges, and benefits of integrative genomic approaches.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2019|