Cradle to Cradle and LCA

Anders Bjørn, Michael Z. Hauschild

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterEducationpeer-review


    Cradle to Cradle (C2C) offers a positive vision of a future, where products are radically redesigned to be beneficial to humans and the environment. The idea is not to reduce negative impacts (as in LCA), but to increase positive impacts . This chapter presents the C2C concept and its relationship with the circular economy , the C2C certification and examples of C2C certified or inspired products and systems. This is followed by a comparison of C2C with eco-efficiency and LCA . Because of their important differences, we conclude that care should be taken when combing C2C and LCA, e.g. using LCA to evaluate products inspired by C2C. We then provide an in-depth analysis of the conflicts between C2C and LCA and offer solutions. Finally, we reflect upon how LCA practitioners can learn from C2C in terms of providing a vision of a sustainable future, creating a sense of urgency for change and communicating results in an inspiring way.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationLife Cycle Assessment: Theory and Practice
    Publication date2018
    ISBN (Print)9783319564746
    ISBN (Electronic)9783319564753
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • Business and Management
    • Sustainability Management
    • Sustainable Development
    • Renewable and Green Energy
    • Manufacturing, Machines, Tools
    • Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment


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