CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete

Knud Erik Brodersen

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

    165 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The numerical CRACK2 model simulates precipitation of calcite from calcium bicarbo-nate solution (e.g. groundwater) passing through cracks in concrete or other cementitious materials. A summary of experimental work is followed by a detailed description of the model. Hydroxyl ions are transported by diffusion in pore systems in columns of cementitious materials. The hydroxyl is precipitating calcite from a flow of bicarbonate solution in a crack connecting the ends of a row of such columns. The cementitious material is simulated as calcium hydroxide mixed with inert material but with sodium hydroxide dissolved in the
    pore solution. Diffusive migration of cesium as radioactive isotope is also considered. Electrical interaction of the migrating ions is taken into account. Example calculations demonstrate effects of parameter variations on distribution of precipitated calcite in the crack and on the composition of the outflowing solution, which can be compared directly with experimental results. Leaching behavior of sodium can be used to tune the model to experimental observations.
    The calcite is mostly precipitated on top of the original crack surface and may under certain circumstances fill the crack. The produced thin layers of low porosity calcite act as a diffusion barrier limiting contact between cement and solution. Pore closure mechanisms in such layers are discussed. Implications for safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal are shortly mentioned. The model is also relevant for conventional uses of concrete.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages99
    ISBN (Print)87-550-2612-5
    ISBN (Electronic)87-550-2613-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1143(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Risø-R-1143
    • Risø-R-1143(EN)

    Cite this

    Brodersen, K. E. (2003). CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete. Roskilde: Risø National Laboratory. Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R, No. 1143(EN)
    Brodersen, Knud Erik. / CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete. Roskilde : Risø National Laboratory, 2003. 99 p. (Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R; No. 1143(EN)).
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    abstract = "The numerical CRACK2 model simulates precipitation of calcite from calcium bicarbo-nate solution (e.g. groundwater) passing through cracks in concrete or other cementitious materials. A summary of experimental work is followed by a detailed description of the model. Hydroxyl ions are transported by diffusion in pore systems in columns of cementitious materials. The hydroxyl is precipitating calcite from a flow of bicarbonate solution in a crack connecting the ends of a row of such columns. The cementitious material is simulated as calcium hydroxide mixed with inert material but with sodium hydroxide dissolved in thepore solution. Diffusive migration of cesium as radioactive isotope is also considered. Electrical interaction of the migrating ions is taken into account. Example calculations demonstrate effects of parameter variations on distribution of precipitated calcite in the crack and on the composition of the outflowing solution, which can be compared directly with experimental results. Leaching behavior of sodium can be used to tune the model to experimental observations.The calcite is mostly precipitated on top of the original crack surface and may under certain circumstances fill the crack. The produced thin layers of low porosity calcite act as a diffusion barrier limiting contact between cement and solution. Pore closure mechanisms in such layers are discussed. Implications for safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal are shortly mentioned. The model is also relevant for conventional uses of concrete.",
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    Brodersen, KE 2003, CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete. Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R, no. 1143(EN), Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde.

    CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete. / Brodersen, Knud Erik.

    Roskilde : Risø National Laboratory, 2003. 99 p. (Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R; No. 1143(EN)).

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

    TY - RPRT

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    AU - Brodersen, Knud Erik

    PY - 2003

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    N2 - The numerical CRACK2 model simulates precipitation of calcite from calcium bicarbo-nate solution (e.g. groundwater) passing through cracks in concrete or other cementitious materials. A summary of experimental work is followed by a detailed description of the model. Hydroxyl ions are transported by diffusion in pore systems in columns of cementitious materials. The hydroxyl is precipitating calcite from a flow of bicarbonate solution in a crack connecting the ends of a row of such columns. The cementitious material is simulated as calcium hydroxide mixed with inert material but with sodium hydroxide dissolved in thepore solution. Diffusive migration of cesium as radioactive isotope is also considered. Electrical interaction of the migrating ions is taken into account. Example calculations demonstrate effects of parameter variations on distribution of precipitated calcite in the crack and on the composition of the outflowing solution, which can be compared directly with experimental results. Leaching behavior of sodium can be used to tune the model to experimental observations.The calcite is mostly precipitated on top of the original crack surface and may under certain circumstances fill the crack. The produced thin layers of low porosity calcite act as a diffusion barrier limiting contact between cement and solution. Pore closure mechanisms in such layers are discussed. Implications for safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal are shortly mentioned. The model is also relevant for conventional uses of concrete.

    AB - The numerical CRACK2 model simulates precipitation of calcite from calcium bicarbo-nate solution (e.g. groundwater) passing through cracks in concrete or other cementitious materials. A summary of experimental work is followed by a detailed description of the model. Hydroxyl ions are transported by diffusion in pore systems in columns of cementitious materials. The hydroxyl is precipitating calcite from a flow of bicarbonate solution in a crack connecting the ends of a row of such columns. The cementitious material is simulated as calcium hydroxide mixed with inert material but with sodium hydroxide dissolved in thepore solution. Diffusive migration of cesium as radioactive isotope is also considered. Electrical interaction of the migrating ions is taken into account. Example calculations demonstrate effects of parameter variations on distribution of precipitated calcite in the crack and on the composition of the outflowing solution, which can be compared directly with experimental results. Leaching behavior of sodium can be used to tune the model to experimental observations.The calcite is mostly precipitated on top of the original crack surface and may under certain circumstances fill the crack. The produced thin layers of low porosity calcite act as a diffusion barrier limiting contact between cement and solution. Pore closure mechanisms in such layers are discussed. Implications for safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal are shortly mentioned. The model is also relevant for conventional uses of concrete.

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    Brodersen KE. CRACK2. Modelling calcium carbonate deposition from bicarbonate solutions in cracks in concrete. Roskilde: Risø National Laboratory, 2003. 99 p. (Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R; No. 1143(EN)).