Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark)

Julie Evald Bjerg, Morten Grum, Vianney Augustin Thomas Courdent, Rasmus Fogtmann Halvgaard, Luca Vezzaro, Peter Steen Mikkelsen

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Abstract

The increasing focus on renewable energy sources has caused many countries to initiate a shift to a more intelligent and flexible electricity system – the Smart Grid. This allows for the optimization of the electricity consumption according to the fluctuation in electricity prices. In this study four strategies for controlling the wastewater flow to Kolding Central wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) based on the Smart Grid concept are investigated. The control strategies use the storage volume in the pipe system upstream the WWTP to detain water during hours with high electricity prices, releasing the water when the price decreases. A lumped conceptual model was constructed based an existing highly detailed hydrodynamic model of the catchment. The conceptual model was used to assess the performance of the four control strategies, which were evaluated based on savings in operation cost and emitted CO2 equivalents. Weather forecasts were used to empty out the system prior to a rain event, ensuring that the control strategies did not lead to increases in combined sewer overflow. The largest savings obtained were 833 EUR/month and 3909 kg CO2 equivalents/month, which were achieved by only sending wastewater to the treatment plant during the six cheapest hours of the day. The savings achieved with the other control strategies were however in the ranges 65–300 EUR/month and 196–910 kg CO2 equivalents/month. These evaluations were generally done with limited storage space of just around 20 % of the daily wastewater flow and relatively simplistic control schemes. Larger savings would be anticipated with more complex control schemes utilizing larger storage volumes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference
Volume1
Place of PublicationQuebec/Canada
PublisherInternational Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR)
Publication date2015
Pages47-59
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event10th International on Urban Drainage Modelling Conference - Quebec, Canada
Duration: 20 Sep 201523 Sep 2015
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th International on Urban Drainage Modelling Conference
Number10
CountryCanada
CityQuebec
Period20/09/201523/09/2015

Cite this

Evald Bjerg, J., Grum, M., Courdent, V. A. T., Halvgaard, R. F., Vezzaro, L., & Mikkelsen, P. S. (2015). Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark). In Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 47-59). Quebec/Canada: International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR).
Evald Bjerg, Julie ; Grum, Morten ; Courdent, Vianney Augustin Thomas ; Halvgaard, Rasmus Fogtmann ; Vezzaro, Luca ; Mikkelsen, Peter Steen. / Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark). Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference. Vol. 1 Quebec/Canada : International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR), 2015. pp. 47-59
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title = "Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark)",
abstract = "The increasing focus on renewable energy sources has caused many countries to initiate a shift to a more intelligent and flexible electricity system – the Smart Grid. This allows for the optimization of the electricity consumption according to the fluctuation in electricity prices. In this study four strategies for controlling the wastewater flow to Kolding Central wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) based on the Smart Grid concept are investigated. The control strategies use the storage volume in the pipe system upstream the WWTP to detain water during hours with high electricity prices, releasing the water when the price decreases. A lumped conceptual model was constructed based an existing highly detailed hydrodynamic model of the catchment. The conceptual model was used to assess the performance of the four control strategies, which were evaluated based on savings in operation cost and emitted CO2 equivalents. Weather forecasts were used to empty out the system prior to a rain event, ensuring that the control strategies did not lead to increases in combined sewer overflow. The largest savings obtained were 833 EUR/month and 3909 kg CO2 equivalents/month, which were achieved by only sending wastewater to the treatment plant during the six cheapest hours of the day. The savings achieved with the other control strategies were however in the ranges 65–300 EUR/month and 196–910 kg CO2 equivalents/month. These evaluations were generally done with limited storage space of just around 20 {\%} of the daily wastewater flow and relatively simplistic control schemes. Larger savings would be anticipated with more complex control schemes utilizing larger storage volumes.",
author = "{Evald Bjerg}, Julie and Morten Grum and Courdent, {Vianney Augustin Thomas} and Halvgaard, {Rasmus Fogtmann} and Luca Vezzaro and Mikkelsen, {Peter Steen}",
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Evald Bjerg, J, Grum, M, Courdent, VAT, Halvgaard, RF, Vezzaro, L & Mikkelsen, PS 2015, Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark). in Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference. vol. 1, International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR), Quebec/Canada, pp. 47-59, 10th International on Urban Drainage Modelling Conference , Quebec, Canada, 20/09/2015.

Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark). / Evald Bjerg, Julie; Grum, Morten; Courdent, Vianney Augustin Thomas; Halvgaard, Rasmus Fogtmann; Vezzaro, Luca; Mikkelsen, Peter Steen.

Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference. Vol. 1 Quebec/Canada : International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR), 2015. p. 47-59.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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AU - Grum, Morten

AU - Courdent, Vianney Augustin Thomas

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AU - Vezzaro, Luca

AU - Mikkelsen, Peter Steen

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N2 - The increasing focus on renewable energy sources has caused many countries to initiate a shift to a more intelligent and flexible electricity system – the Smart Grid. This allows for the optimization of the electricity consumption according to the fluctuation in electricity prices. In this study four strategies for controlling the wastewater flow to Kolding Central wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) based on the Smart Grid concept are investigated. The control strategies use the storage volume in the pipe system upstream the WWTP to detain water during hours with high electricity prices, releasing the water when the price decreases. A lumped conceptual model was constructed based an existing highly detailed hydrodynamic model of the catchment. The conceptual model was used to assess the performance of the four control strategies, which were evaluated based on savings in operation cost and emitted CO2 equivalents. Weather forecasts were used to empty out the system prior to a rain event, ensuring that the control strategies did not lead to increases in combined sewer overflow. The largest savings obtained were 833 EUR/month and 3909 kg CO2 equivalents/month, which were achieved by only sending wastewater to the treatment plant during the six cheapest hours of the day. The savings achieved with the other control strategies were however in the ranges 65–300 EUR/month and 196–910 kg CO2 equivalents/month. These evaluations were generally done with limited storage space of just around 20 % of the daily wastewater flow and relatively simplistic control schemes. Larger savings would be anticipated with more complex control schemes utilizing larger storage volumes.

AB - The increasing focus on renewable energy sources has caused many countries to initiate a shift to a more intelligent and flexible electricity system – the Smart Grid. This allows for the optimization of the electricity consumption according to the fluctuation in electricity prices. In this study four strategies for controlling the wastewater flow to Kolding Central wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) based on the Smart Grid concept are investigated. The control strategies use the storage volume in the pipe system upstream the WWTP to detain water during hours with high electricity prices, releasing the water when the price decreases. A lumped conceptual model was constructed based an existing highly detailed hydrodynamic model of the catchment. The conceptual model was used to assess the performance of the four control strategies, which were evaluated based on savings in operation cost and emitted CO2 equivalents. Weather forecasts were used to empty out the system prior to a rain event, ensuring that the control strategies did not lead to increases in combined sewer overflow. The largest savings obtained were 833 EUR/month and 3909 kg CO2 equivalents/month, which were achieved by only sending wastewater to the treatment plant during the six cheapest hours of the day. The savings achieved with the other control strategies were however in the ranges 65–300 EUR/month and 196–910 kg CO2 equivalents/month. These evaluations were generally done with limited storage space of just around 20 % of the daily wastewater flow and relatively simplistic control schemes. Larger savings would be anticipated with more complex control schemes utilizing larger storage volumes.

M3 - Article in proceedings

VL - 1

SP - 47

EP - 59

BT - Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference

PB - International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR)

CY - Quebec/Canada

ER -

Evald Bjerg J, Grum M, Courdent VAT, Halvgaard RF, Vezzaro L, Mikkelsen PS. Coupling of weather forecasts and smart grid-control of wastewater inlet to Kolding WWTP (Denmark). In Proceedings of the 10th International Urban Drainage Modelling Conference. Vol. 1. Quebec/Canada: International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR). 2015. p. 47-59