CO2 capture through electro-conductive adsorbent using physical adsorption system for sustainable development

M. Farooq*, M. A. Saeed, M. Imran, G. M. Uddin, M. Asim, H. Bilal, M. R. Younas, J. M. Andresen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The most critical energy and environmental challenge that our planet is facing today is to minimize the dependence on fossil fuels. Carbon dioxide may be of utmost significance as a solution of this issue through realization of carbon neutral energy cycle. Potentially, this could be achieved through the carbon dioxide capture as the urgent response to ongoing climate change. Activated carbon (AC) adsorption is one the most effective, environment friendly and techno-economic process for the carbon capture. In the current research, an electro-conductive-activated carbon was prepared by mixing powdered activated carbon (PAC) with an electro-conductive polymer (ECP). Different ratios of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 wt% of ECP with PAC were used for the different analyses of activated carbons in a gas mixture of CO2/N2 using a physical adsorption system. Adsorption and desorption analyses, capacities of the process and desorption effects were examined. Electro-conductive polymers (ECP) were mixed with AC samples, where breakthrough time was increased up to 400% when mixed with the PAC for CO2 adsorption. Following adsorption analysis, desorption of activated carbons was conducted with different potentials. It was revealed that mixing could help the PAC sample to overcome the packing issue to increase the breakthrough capacity and the volumes before and after the breakthrough adsorption in the packed bed systems. The desorption rates of the PAC sample were also enhanced, and fast desorption was observed when mixed with ECP. It is envisioned that this method is very much promising carbon capture method for the techno-economic feasibility and sustainable development of the environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Volume42
Pages (from-to)1507-1515
ISSN0269-4042
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Carbon capture
  • Electro-conductive polymers
  • Physical adsorption
  • Sustainable development

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