Corrosion of Steel in Concrete – Potential Monitoring and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy during Corrosion Initiation and Propagation

Andre Küter, Thomas O. Mason, Mette Rica Geiker, Per Møller

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    A reinforced mortar specimen that allows potential measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) immediately after preparation was designed and tested. The specimen consists of a mortar cylinder with a central rebar and a concentric arrangement of embedded Ru/Ir activated titanium wires. The wires can act as both reference and counter electrode during EIS and, thus, no external electrode is required. The defined geometry solves reproducibility problems involved with application of an external reference electrode for EIS. Changes of the electromotive force (EMF) between rebar and titanium wires can be monitored immediately after preparation. The wire arrangement also allows investigation of local changes in the bulk mortar by EIS or by measuring the potential development of the titanium wires versus an external standard electrode. The specimen design was evaluated in an investigation on the effect of the steel quality and the steel surface properties on initiation and propagation of chloride-induced reinforcement corrosion. Besides untreated (as received) carbon rebars and stainless rebars, selected surface treatments and galvanization were investigated. The surface treatments included grit blasting, electrochemical and hydrochloric acid cleaning (HCl) as well as weathering. The results indicate that the investigated treatments of the carbon steel surface have no major effect on the initiation period, which was approximately 20 days under the actual conditions. The galvanized rebar appears to be protected throughout the experimental period to date (200 days), whereas active corrosion of the stainless steel appeared to be initiated after 100 days exposure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEurocorr 2005, The European Corrosion Congress : Book of Abstracts
    Number of pages710
    Place of PublicationLisbon, Portugal
    PublisherRolo & Filhos Lda
    Publication date2005
    ISBN (Print)972-95921-1-X
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    EventEUROCORR 2005 - Lisbon, Portugal
    Duration: 8 Sept 20059 Sept 2005


    ConferenceEUROCORR 2005


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