Corrosion behaviour of Ni and nickel aluminide coatings exposed in a biomass fired power plant for two years

D. L. Wu*, K. V. Dahl, T. L. Christiansen, M. Montgomery, J. Hald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings were applied to superheater tubes that were built into a wood-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 520 °C. The present paper evaluates the performance of the coatings after two years of service. The corrosion performance of the coatings is discussed with respect to the temperature histograms and deposit composition and compared to the performance of the coatings after the first year. The Ni coatings showed extremely protective behaviour for 1 year however after 2 years exposure, the Ni coating was chemically attacked, thick NiO was formed and sulphur containing precipitates were present at the base of the Ni layer indicating grain boundary ingress of corrosive species. For the Ni2Al3 coatings, localized attack was observed after the first year of exposure, but after two years no intact nickel aluminide coatings were observed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Pages (from-to)355-365
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Biomass combustion
  • Fireside corrosion
  • Ni coating
  • Ni2Al3 coating
  • Power plant testing

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