Corrosion behavior of construction materials for ionic liquid hydrogen compressor

Nasrin Arjomand Kermani, Irina Petrushina, Aleksey Valerievich Nikiforov, Jens Oluf Jensen, Masoud Rokni

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Abstract

The corrosion behavior of various commercially available stainless steels and nickel-based alloys as possible construction materials for components which are in direct contact with one of five different ionic liquids was evaluated. The ionic liquids, namely: 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium triflate, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, trihexyltetradecylphosphonium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, butyltrimethylammonium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, methyltrioctylammonium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide have been identified, as performance fluids in an ionic liquid hydrogen compressor. An electrochemical cell was specially designed, and steady-state cyclic voltammetry was used to measure the corrosion resistance of the alloys in the ionic liquids at 23 °C, under atmospheric pressure.
The results showed a very high corrosion resistance and high stability for all the alloys tested. The two stainless steels, AISI 316L and AISI 347 showed higher corrosion resistance compared to AISI 321 in all the ionic liquids tested. It was observed that small addition of molybdenum, tantalum, and niobium to the alloys increased the corrosion stability in the ionic liquids studied. Hastelloy® C-276 showed the poorest corrosion resistance in all the ionic liquids tested. AISI 316L with high corrosion resistance and the lowest cost is recommended as the most attractive construction material for all the components, in an ionic liquid hydrogen compressor, which are in direct contact with ionic liquids used in this study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number38
Pages (from-to)16688-16695
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Ionic liquid compressor
  • Hydrogen
  • Ionic liquids
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Polarization

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