An analysis of cutting fluid performance in different metal cutting operations is presented, based on experimental investigations in which type of operation, performance criteria, work material, and fluid type are considered. Cutting fluid performance was evaluated in turning, drilling, reaming and tapping, with respect to tool life, cutting forces and product quality (dimensional accuracy and surface integrity). A number of different work materials were considered, with emphasis on austenitic stainless steel, and cutting fluids from two main groups, water miscible and straight oils, were investigated. Results show that correlation of cutting fluid performance in different operations exists, within the same group of cutting fluids, in the case of stainless steel as workpiece material. Under the tested conditions, the average correlation coefficients between efficiency parameters with different operations on austenitic stainless steel lied in the range 0.87-0.97 for waterbased fluids and 0.79-0.89 for straight oils. A similar correlation could not be found for the other workpiece materials investigated in this work. A rationalisation of cutting fluid performance tests is suggested.
|Title of host publication||STLE|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
|Event||5th Convegno Associazione italiana di tecnologia meccanica - Bari, Italy|
Duration: 18 Sep 2001 → 20 Sep 2001
|Conference||5th Convegno Associazione italiana di tecnologia meccanica|
|Period||18/09/2001 → 20/09/2001|