Core ion measurements with collective Thomson scattering for DEMO burn control

J. Rasmussen*, S. B. Korsholm

*Corresponding author for this work

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DEMO burn control will require measurements of a range of plasma parameters, but the suite of feasible diagnostics for this purpose is limited. Here we assess the accuracy with which a collective Thomson scattering (CTS) diagnostic can provide key measurements for burn control in the planned European DEMO (EU-DEMO). This is based on estimated signal-to-noise ratios for a conceptual diagnostic design and trial fits to synthetic DEMO CTS spectra. We show that a diagnostic with a single probe- and receiver beam setup will be able to provide simultaneous measurements of core fusion alpha density and ion temperature to mean accuracies better than 5% and 10%, respectively, along with detecting intrinsic toroidal rotation velocities down to within ∼5 km s−1. Adding a second CTS receiver view furthermore enables inference of the core fuel-ion ratio, allowing discrimination between, e.g. a 50%/50% and 55%/45% D/T mixture, while also providing useful information on the thermalized He content. A DEMO CTS diagnostic would thus be able to monitor fusion alpha densities as well as anomalous transport of fast alphas and heat from the plasma core, quantify plasma rotation for confinement enhancement, and track the core isotope mix for optimum fusion performance. This versatility makes such a diagnostic a potentially valuable tool for real-time burn control on DEMO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046003
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Burn control
  • Collective Thomson scattering
  • DEMO
  • Plasma diagnostics


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